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A long and narrow strip of land between Slovenia and the sea, projecting eastwards to Istria, the province of Trieste holds the curious record of being the smallest in Italy. It is divided into six municipalities, north-to-south: Duino-Aurisina, Sgonico, Monrupino, San Dorligo della Valle and Muggia. Trieste, the regional capital city, is isolated in the middle, facing the sea. An important crossroads for international communications, both by land and sea, the province now opens to the economic development and integration with the Eastern European countries. Trieste also boasts a prestigious University, the Centre for Theoretical Physics of Miramare (founded in 1964 with the purpose of scientific production, it is especially focused on developing countries and Central and Eastern European countries), the International School for Superior Advanced Studies, the United World College located at Duino, the Astronomic Observatory of the National Institute for Astrophysics, the International Institute for Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics, the CNR Institute of Marine Sciences, and the Marine Biology Laboratory. Most renown is the Area Science Park, the Italian multi-sector scientific park at Padriciano that hosts about forty centres and research and service companies among which the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, as well as the Synchrotron Light Laboratory, where the Elettra Light Machine has been built. The Trieste inland tableau offers visitors the picturesque karstic landscape with its rock vegetation, cultivated fields and caves. The towns still preserve the traditional architecture with historical churches and castles, while the surrounding mountain landscapes treasure the memories of the war and the rocky cliffs dropping sheer to the sea hide charming inlets from the mouth of River Timavo to the Muggia gorge. The whole Trieste area is rich in fossils (of dinosaurs as well) and archaeological findings: caves that were inhabited from the Palaeolithic to the Roman Age, ruins of Roman cities, villas, rural houses, quarries, and an aqueduct, and Early Christian and Medieval churches, castles and fortifications.



Images from Friuli Venezia Giulia