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Area:
  • 32,62 sq. km
Altitude:
  • 25 m a.s.l.
Population:
  • 18,156
Town Hall:
  • Piazza del Popolo, 65
  • 33077 - Sacile (PN)
Neighbourhoods:
  • Camolli, Cavolano, Cornadella, Ronche, San Giovanni del Tempio, San Giovanni di Livenza, San Michele, Sant'Odorico, Schiavoi, Topaligo, Villorba, Vistorta
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The slow, meandering flow of River Livenza in the historical centre makes Sacile one of the most picturesque towns of western Friuli. As usual in the typical urban plan of Venetian towns, the grand façade of Palazzo Ragazzoni-Flangini-Biglia, the most notable residential palace in town, fronts on the riverbanks. Outside, the building boasts a courtyard with statues from A. Vittoria’s studio and inside a cycle of frescoes extolling the history of the Ragazzoni family by F. Montemezzano (end of 16th century). Also the porticoed Church of Madonna della Pietà (17th century) fronts on the riverbanks: with its unusual hexagonal plan, the church houses one of the greatest examples of Vesperbild in the region (namely, the sculpture of Pietà to which vespertine prayers were addressed, according to a central- and northern European tradition) realized in the mid-1400s of gusstein, a mixture of ground sandstone, plaster and marble powder that is cast in moulds from which the sculpture is obtained, later to be chiselled by the artist. It is from the river that the best view of the apse of the Duomo of San Nicolò is enjoyed (recently, such view has been highly enhanced by the building of a pedestrian bridge). Rebuilt between 1471 and 1496 by Beltrame and Vittorio da Como (while Giovanni da Pordenone built the bell tower) under the influence of the Venetian architecture of the time, particularly clear in the façade reminiscent of Codussi’s models, and heavily redecorated inside in the 19th century, the duomo preserves important works of art, among which the frescoes by G. Battista da Udine and A. Zago portraying busts of Prophets and Sybils (straddling the 15th and 16th centuries, inspired to the print prototypes by a Tuscan artist), formerly located under the central trusses and now exhibited in a chapel adjoining the left aisle. Other conspicuous works include a painting by F. Bassano with Enthroned Virgin with Child among SS. John the Baptist and Antonio Abate, with enthroned San Nicola between SS. Michael Archangel and George (1589-1590) at the entrance of the left aisle, and the large wall cycle by P. Casarini (1946) completely decorating the apse. On the square outside the duomo front Palazzo Ovio-Gobbi (16th-18th centuries, today the rectory) on whose upstairs floor is a large hall with 18thcentury stucco decorations and historical-allegorical frescoes; Palazzo Carli (16th-17th centuries), by the rigorous volumetric plan, and the Palazzetto della Fabbriceria, on whose façade traces of an early 16th-century fresco (formerly attributed to Pordenone) portraying the SS. Bishops, worshippers and members of the Confraternita dei Battuti are still visible. The large Piazza del Popolo is dominated by the Town Hall and Loggia (15th-16th centuries), which testify, the modern restructuring notwithstanding, the effective adherence to civil Venetian architecture that is also found in the surrounding buildings, with their fronts symmetrically developed around the central windows with balcony and rear berthing on the river. The panorama of important religious buildings is complemented by the Church of San Gregorio (16th cent.), on whose walls are found, surviving decay, frescoes such as a portrait of as San Giacomo dated 1519 and fragments of a frieze with the typical Renaissance alternation of sacred and mythological characters, and the modern Church of S. Michele, where the wide stained-glass window with St. Michael Archangel on a drawing by Luigi Veronesi, one of the great masters of abstractionism in Italy, is noteworthy. At Vistorta the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie is an interesting example of rural religious architecture, on whose walls a series of Virgin with Child paintings, dating to the 15th and 16th centuries, is a clear token of popular ad personam devotion.

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