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Area:
  • 48,03 sq. km
Altitude:
  • 184 m a.s.l.
Population:
  • 1,203
Town Hall:
  • V. Nazionale, 92
  • 33046 - Pulfero (UD)
Neighbourhoods:
  • Antro, Biacis, Brischis, Calla, Cicigolis, Cras, Erbezzo, Goregnavas, Lasiz, Loch, Mersino, Montefosca, Pegliano, Podvarschis, Rodda, Spagnut, Specognis, Spignon, Stupizza, Tarcetta, Zapatocco
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The most attractive neighbourhood in the municipality is Antro, both for the peculiarity of its monuments and history: first of all, the large cave nearby Antro is on of the most peculiar places in Friuli apart from being one of the most fascinating underground phenomena. This much sheltered place, enjoying a formidable view over the Natisone Valley, was inhabited in the remotest times: in front of it, indeed, a primitive oven excavated in the rock was found. In the Christian era, the cave of Antro was used as a sacred place so much that the small¬†church of S. Giovanni was built by Slovene master mason Andrea da Skofja Loka partly on the mountain side, partly inside the cave itself. The small nave has a ribbed vault in the choir and can be reached through steep stairs; inside, an 18th-century wooden altar of the Slovenian school has statues attributable to Giovanni Martini’s studio. Also the votive church of S. Giacomo at Biacis is artistically interesting for the eurhythmy of its elements (the wide portico with “pyramids”, the double-arch small bell gable made of local stone…) and the perfect harmony it creates with its¬†surroundings. Historically, this church must be mentioned also for the famous engraved stone it contained (now moved to town) witnessing the ancient traditions of the Natisone Valley populations (but also of the rest of Friuli) in the past, when family heads met in assembly around a leafy tree (usually a lime tree) to deal with the village administrative and justice matters. The head of the assembly and councillors sat around a stone table, the only extant one of which is the one in Biacis.

At Rodda, in the church of S. Zenone the most ancient fresco in the Slovenian cultural area of Friuli is preserved: the Martyrdom of St. Lorenzo, datable to the first half of the 13th century, surprising for its unusual images (the saint, held still with a carving fork by his executioner, is skewered on a spit and made to rotate by theemperor who had condemned him) and for the vividness of colours. The church of S. Ulderico in Monte has a polygonal choir with ribbed vault and keystones and figured corbels (early 16th Slovenian school and contains the statues of S. Ulderico in the middle, and Valentina and Elisabetta to the sides. The church of S. Leonardo Abate at Osjak di Rodda has an austere medieval look on the outside, though it was built in the 1500s; inside it has a wooden altar dated to the year 1689, painted and gilded by a modest carver of the Caporetto school: the central niche houses the statue of S. Leonardo and the two side ones house SS. Mattia and Zenone. The church of S. Donato Martire at Lazis dates from the 12th century and contains interesting (though in a sorry state) fragments of frescoes in the apse. The various neighbourhoods still show examples of typical architecture, with often very picturesque buildings; in particular, the rural district of Montefosca is made of a complex of houses and stables.

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